Gizzard Shad (Dorosoma cepedianum)

 This is a freshwater shad species that is found in deep open water of medium to large rivers and lakes.  They will often ascend creeks and small rivers that have
well-developed pools. They are important forage species for gamefish in most waters and are commonly stocked for this purpose.

 These fish have a long whip-like last dorsal ray, a blunt snout and a distinctive terminal mouth.  The dorsal fin origin is above or behind the abdominal pelvic fin
origin.  They have a large purple-blue spot near the upper edge of the gill cover that is faint or absent in large adults.  They are silver-blue on the back fading to
a silver-white on the sides.  These fish often have blue and green reflections over the body.  There are 6-8 dark stripes on the upper sides and back.  These are
one of the larger members of the herring family reaching a length of about 20 inches.

 One thing to know is that they are a messy bait to handle in your bait tank.  It's advisable that when you put gizzard shad into your bait tank, you don't mix other
species of bait in with them.  The other smaller baitfish just can't take it.  In addition to beating up on the smaller baitfish, the gizzard shad will usually purge
themselves in the bait tank water (and it is a lot) which fouls the water in the tank up quite a bit.